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红拳拳理阐述

发布: 2013-11-22 10:44 |  作者: webmaster |   来源: 本站原创 |  查看: 52574次

    习拳需明拳理,认真,准确地把握拳理拳法是练好武术的先决条件。红拳是理法功技一体化的武技,蕴含着深刻的哲学思想,要学好,就必须对它的基本要领有着准确的掌握,对它的核心原则有着透彻的理解。

红拳是一种风格独特,内容丰富,有其独到严密,细致的科学理论体系和缜密凶狠的技法实践的拳系,在理论和技法上独树一帜,自成一系。陕西武术网D:lR @G1p*o*@I|

欲求武术之途,必循阴阳之路,红拳之拳理是以阴阳哲理为总纲,拳法中的技法变化是以《易》之阴阳学说为指导思想,在习拳求功中,完全符合“一阴一阳之谓道”之要求,用阴阳学说来指导拳术的修行对抗与养生。

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古典哲学里的阴阳学说,不仅与拳术理论密切相关,就是在搏击对抗的时候,也无不内含阴阳学说的道理。表现在搏击打斗中,手法的捅、撑、斩、补、抹步法上的里外跤、前进、后退、斜行的变换,腰腹的闪摆转换拧腰摆胯,气势的升降呼吸,出手的旋转曲直刚柔等完全符合阴阳运动的法则。

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师曾言到:“不懂阴阳,不会练拳”,阴阳是万物的契机与本质,由阴阳对应观念衍生了诸多对应因素的不同组合,构成了内容丰富,特色多样的拳术技击原理和方法。掌握了阴阳变化,通过功法,拳架的习练、技法、劲力的训练,拳理的指导,在红拳运用时认识到,人是活动的,战术是机动的,每个人都具有自己独特的特点,身体素质和最擅长的技法,只要在实战中放松,稳定心绪,采取最拿手的技法,基本上就能应付自如了。

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由阴阳变化所形成的技法,利用双方肢体接触所形成劲力的表现形式,在放松的情况下,不论何种劲力的发力手法都要着眼于整体运动。(关于红拳的劲见拙作《论红拳的劲》)。

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战不过攻防,术不过奇正,形不过虚实,法不过阴阳,所有的武术都是为了制人而不制于人,只是各门都在各自的实战中逐渐形成自己的独特的功理功法和指导理论。陕西武术网Uz0FT[HL z

红拳,蕴含着深刻的中国传统哲理之奥秘,经过历史烽烟的锤炼,一方面可发掘人体防身御敌的潜力,另一方面利用人体攻防动作和御敌形式去调和气血,使攻防训练与养生修身相结合。

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红拳强调以心意为本,突出一个“巧”字,势劲功柔,招园气顺,用意不用力。它要求人的精神作用,精神是人的主宰,它决定了人的行为与结果,人的精神只有在毫无牵挂地没有任何压力时,才能最大地开发潜能,人们在思想放松的前提下,强调以心化意,以意领气,以气摧力,就是强调对人的大脑和对中枢神经的锻炼,人的思想意识高度集中在动作上,能调动全身各器官的功能,使它们得到协调,用意念引导动作,人的思维就敏捷动作就能快速,所谓“功夫从静中求之”,就是这个道理。

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“拳学不言学而言悟方为真学,武术不求术而求法此乃真术”,理不通,艺不精,传统红拳是武艺与哲学的神妙结合,它有着深厚的哲学底蕴,它需要习练者具备相当的武学基础与学识悟性。

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红拳在技法训练上,要求动作的柔韧性好,以便于发动快速的连续攻击,在技法上有“撑补为母,勾挂为能,化身为奇,刁打为法”十六字诀。柔韧性训练的好,一组动作连续出手的速度,密度是相当可观的。在正确拳理的指导下,在技法的运用上,必须应用虚虚实实之策略对敌,在实战中,只有运用好虚实,才能变化莫测,虚与实即对立与统一,所谓“虚实俱备方成拳,阴阳互动即为法!”陕西武术网8Z4k1Q2]#_]6]e.j+z/?9]

红拳也称为软拳,对功法要求极为严格,红拳里有一个特殊的动作,叫做拧腰摆胯,也称斜行。它要求习练者要有一定的腰腿功夫。腰部是人体躯干活动范围最大的部位。是联系上下肢体的枢纽,要求有相当的柔韧性,使腰部即柔软又坚韧,在对抗中的身法变化,肢体的协调配合,调整肌体重心及自重力量发挥等。都有极为重要的功效。陕西武术网5Tjq V?

“扁身侧让其力长,束身整体进中堂”,要求腰部柔软如棉,练拳之你才能得势,腰身柔软,在攻击时,一拧腰就能充分发挥身体肌群的作用,就会使出拳时转体顺肩的动作即能加长进击距离,又能加大动作部分的质量,获得有效的打击距离。陕西武术网)EdZY m%d zl

“扁身身法最为奇,足眼手尖不可离,”要使头,躯干和腿部尽可能保持在同一直线、鼻、手、足三尖相照,这样做能使全身之整劲发挥于一点上。要熟练的掌握技法,准确的角度,恰当的时机、巧妙的步法,在对手出击的一刹那,也正是我进击对手的最好时机。红拳的里跤、外跤,通过步法的移动与变化,以便迫近对方,手法和步法是相互配合的有机统一体,头与身体的转动,便可改变步法,手法的角度,这就要求步法的变化必须有利于击敌。

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“文者,体也,武者,用也。文者,内理也,武者,外数也,有外数无文理,必为血气之勇,失于本来面目,欺敌必败尔!有文理无外数,徒思安静之术,未知用于采战,差微则亡耳!”此拳诀对于武术的文化特征和武术的本性进行了科学的综合分析,说明了武术即是真打实斗的功夫,又是充满了智慧和哲理。

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红拳是一个颇有古意的拳系,其行拳时用意不用力,正是中华民族传统文化的结晶和体现,其高深独到的拳理,体现了长安文化底蕴是宽厚博大的,其浓厚的地域文化气息,深入其中,可领会出周庄、奏制、汉韵、唐风,在拳理、技法中呈现出关中人特有的直爽强悍,憨厚朴实,不张扬的性格。

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何谓拳?乃是将你平生所习的积累在对抗时,瞬间爆发出来,制胜只一下。陕西武术网Q xvLvd nL

红拳是拳理一体的武技,习拳要和心性相结合,通过拳术的修行,将使人的心性气质,发生本质上的变化,使武术从一种技能上升为一门独到具有特殊功能的文化结构和学科。通过拳理的学习,拳技的习练,使习武者能准确切地领悟到习武应顺应自然规律,符合人体健康要求,立足自己的身体条件,发挥灵活性和柔韧性,加强反应能力和观察分析能力,吸收一切可用的东西,使人有正确的人生观,这才是习武正确的武术思想。

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最后,红拳在修炼时认为意念在对敌时有着十分重要的作用,它能使人有一种战胜对手的勇气和信心,能在应敌时冷静地观察对手,识别对手的企图。并根据临场变化,迅速地实施正确的对策,并付之于行动。陕西武术网!ju(q]i3O9D!A$l

在临敌对抗时,意念必须在以下几点中加以应用:陕西武术网m5m6~l;H^a

1、在攻击对手时,要身体随意念而动,也就是说脑子一有打击对手的想法,身手就要随思想一起行动,只有这样才能神形一体,劲力顺达,一击必胜。陕西武术网NNvof ]S

2、在和对手交手时,要把意念放在对手身上,只有这样自己才能身心放松,沉着冷静地攻击对手。

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3、在打击对手时,要把意想放在对手身后方,只有这样才能在打击对手时,手、脚有穿透力,很轻松地击到对手。陕西武术网Sp-ak._&@ mnb%i

4、拳诀云:“博击需放胆,狠毒战上风”,要有压倒一切的气质。即要有巧妙灵活的技法,更要有强悍威猛的气势,一击必胜的胆略。陕西武术网3f8o D f#H"Q!f_ G

拳术理论是任何一门武技的支柱,它是该门武技的技法指导,如果拥有了深厚的理论基础,再向纵深研究发展,那么这种武技就会有强大的生命力。能深刻领悟到拳理的实质,就能向学以致用的方向发展,创造和探求真正属于自己的武技。并将此发扬广大。(作者:李毅虎)

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红拳高派名家师傅曹印武红拳高派名家师傅曹印武

本文作者李毅虎拳照本文作者李毅虎拳照

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